Lifespan Protocol

Version: 2.0 (2019-03-20)

The Lifespan ASGI sub-specification outlines how to communicate lifespan events such as startup and shutdown within ASGI. This refers to the lifespan of the main event loop. In a multi-process environment there will be lifespan events in each process.

The lifespan messages allow for an application to initialise and shutdown in the context of a running event loop. An example of this would be creating a connection pool and subsequently closing the connection pool to release the connections.

A possible implementation of this protocol is given below:

async def app(scope, receive, send):
    if scope['type'] == 'lifespan':
        while True:
            message = await receive()
            if message['type'] == 'lifespan.startup':
                ... # Do some startup here!
                await send({'type': 'lifespan.startup.complete'})
            elif message['type'] == 'lifespan.shutdown':
                ... # Do some shutdown here!
                await send({'type': 'lifespan.shutdown.complete'})
                return
    else:
        pass # Handle other types

Scope

The lifespan scope exists for the duration of the event loop. The scope itself contains basic metadata:

  • type (Unicode string) – "lifespan".
  • asgi["version"] (Unicode string) – The version of the ASGI spec.
  • asgi["spec_version"] (Unicode string) – The version of this spec being used. Optional; defaults to "1.0".

If an exception is raised when calling the application callable with a lifespan.startup message or a scope with type lifespan, the server must continue but not send any lifespan events.

This allows for compatibility with applications that do not support the lifespan protocol. If you want to log an error that occurs during lifespan startup and prevent the server from starting, then send back lifespan.startup.failed instead.

Startup

Sent when the server is ready to startup and receive connections, but before it has started to do so.

Keys:

  • type (Unicode string) – "lifespan.startup".

Startup Complete

Sent by the application when it has completed its startup. A server must wait for this message before it starts processing connections.

Keys:

  • type (Unicode string) – "lifespan.startup.complete".

Startup Failed

Sent by the application when it has failed to complete its startup. If a server sees this it should log/print the message provided and then exit.

Keys:

  • type (Unicode string) – "lifespan.startup.failed".
  • message (Unicode string) – Optional; defaults to "".

Shutdown

Sent when the server has stopped accepting connections and closed all active connections.

Keys:

  • type (Unicode string) – "lifespan.shutdown".

Shutdown Complete

Sent by the application when it has completed its cleanup. A server must wait for this message before terminating.

Keys:

  • type (Unicode string) – "lifespan.shutdown.complete".

Shutdown Failed

Sent by the application when it has failed to complete its cleanup. If a server sees this it should log/print the message provided and then terminate.

Keys:

  • type (Unicode string) – "lifespan.shutdown.failed".
  • message (Unicode string) – Optional; defaults to "".

Version History

  • 2.0 (2019-03-04): Added startup.failed and shutdown.failed, clarified exception handling during startup phase.
  • 1.0 (2018-09-06): Updated ASGI spec with a lifespan protocol.